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Hoy os dejamos unos “truquis” para utilizar los modales de obligación “must & have to” y también cómo expresar falta de obligación (lack of obligation) con los modales don’t have to, don’t need to, didn’t need to. Vamos allá!

HAVE TO / MUST

We use these verbs to say that is necessary to do something, but there are some differences:

Have to
The speaker is just giving facts. Or there’s an «outside authority» who tells you to do something.
E.g. I have to complete the report for our client.

We can use “have to” in all verb tenses.

Must
The speaker thinks is necessary, feels is his responsibility to do something.
E.g. I must finish all these paperwork today.

We only use “must” in the present tense, to express obligation in other tenses we use “have to”.
E.g. I had to finish all the paperwork last Friday.
I will have to finish all the paperwork before Friday.

 

DON’T HAVE TO / MUSTN’T

When used in the negative form, they mean different things:

Don’t have to /don’t need to
It means
is NOT necessary that we do something.
E.g. You don’t have to bring anything.
They don’t need to bring anything.

Mustn’t
It means is necessary NOT to do something. (it’s an obligation not to do something).
E.g.He mustn’t talk to us like that.
You mustn’t tell anyone.
We mustn’t be late for the meeting.

 

DIDN’T NEED TO / DIDN’T HAVE TO DO

We use didn’t need to / didn’t have to meaning that something was not done because it was not necessary.
E.g. We didn’t need to call the technical services, we just fixed it ourselves.
They didn’t need to work until late. We still have time until deadline.
I didn’t have to prepare a cake, but they all appreciated it.

 

Parece mucho pero en realidad son tres cositas, te las resumimos:

-Must / have to > obligación, sobre todo “have to” que se puede utilizar en cualquier tiempo verbal

-Mustn’t > obligación de NO hacer algo (o prohibición de hacer algo)

-Don’t have to / don’t need to (y sus formas en pasado) > falta de obligación, o lo que es lo mismo, no es necesario hacer algo.

Esperamos que te sirva de ayuda 😉

 

To care is to share (o dicho de otra forma, si te ha gustado comparte!)

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    1 min.
    Diferencias entre job and work y cómo usarlos correctamente

    Las palabras job and work son palabras que utilizamos a diario, aunque no siempre de manera correcta, porque nos cuesta ver la diferencia entre una y otra. En el post de hoy te damos las claves para que aprendas a usar job and work correctamente.

    Let’s work on it!

     

    JOB es un sustantivo contable (countable noun) y se refiere a trabajo en el sentido de puesto de trabajo o empleo, lo que haces para ganar dinero, tu ocupación.

    What do you do? What’s your job?
    I love my job. I’m a nurse.
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    She had two jobs, she worked as a scientist and also as a part-time teacher.
    Young people have more difficulties to find a job.
    Are you looking for a new job?

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    He is retired but he has lot of jobs (things to do) to keep himself busy.

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    WORK puede ser un sustantivo incontable (uncountable noun) o un verbo. Como sustantivo, es más general que job y se refiere a trabajo en general, en el sentido de actividades o esfuerzos que haces (como parte de tu trabajo o no) para conseguir algo. También puede hacer referencia a tu lugar de trabajo.

    I work as a nurse. I love my job.
    I’m busy. I have a lot of work at the moment.
    A large part of the work we do involves using computers.
    Doing the cleaning at home it’s a lot of work.
    He starts work at 8 o’clock every morning.
    I usually go to work by train.
    Would you like to go for a drink after work?

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    A lot of work
    To work hard
    To start/leave/finish work
    To go/get to work
    To be at work

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    You work in a city or area.
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    You work in a place such as a bank, shop, etc.
    E.g. She works in a library.

    You work at / for a company or organisation.
    E.g. They work at the city council.
    I work at / for a consulting firm.
    He works at LMI bank.

    You work in an industry or a type of job.
    E.g. She works in advertising.

    You work as a waiter, cashier, accountant, etc.
    E.g. He works as a cook.
    I work as a design consultant.

    You work on a project or task.
    E.g. Several people worked on the report.
    I’m working on a market analysis.

    You work with people or things.
    E.g. They work with children in need.
    We work with dangerous chemical substances.

     

    Para que te resulte más fácil te dejamos esta infografía con ejemplos de uso correcto e incorrecto de job and work.

     

    job and work

     

    Y finalmente para ponerte a prueba y ver si lo tienes claro puedes realizar este ejercicio.

    Completa con job o work las siguientes frases:

    I _____ part-time at a restaurant.
    She has two _____ to support her family.
    They usually finish _____ at 19 p.m.
    He is trying to find a _____ in advertising.
    I started _____ when I was 20.
    She’s not here right now. She’s at _____.
    We had a full-time _____ at a local university.

    VER RESPUESTAS CORRECTAS

    I WORK part-time at a restaurant.
    She has two JOBS to support her family.
    They usually finish WORK at 19 p.m.
    He is trying to find a JOB in advertising.
    I started WORK when I was 20.
    She’s not here right now. She’s at WORK.
    We had a full-time JOB at a local university

     

    Esperamos que este post sobre job and work te sea de ayuda, además si quieres ver más tips de vocabulario relacionados con el trabajo te recomendamos el post cómo hablar de trabajo en inglés

     

    3 min.
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