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Muchos de nosotros aún tenemos dificultades para distinguir cuando usar los verbos realize y notice en inglés. Y hay veces que los usamos indistintamente porque es cierto que en español podemos traducir ambos como “darse cuenta” pero en inglés hay que diferenciar muy bien cuándo usar realize y notice.

Notice:

te das cuenta de algo (o lo notas) porque puedes ver, tocar, sentir, etc. Es decir, usamos notice para referirnos a algo que podemos percibir con los sentidos.

E.g.
I spilled a coffee but nobody noticed it. – Derramé un café pero nadie se dio cuenta.
We noticed that her hands were shaking. – Nos dimos cuenta de que sus manos temblaban.
I noticed he had his hair cut. – Noté / me di cuenta de que se había cortado el pelo.
Have you noticed any change in her? – ¿Has notado algún cambio en ella? (algo que hayas visto,oído)

Realize:

es darse cuenta en el sentido de entender, saber, comprender y llegar a una idea después de un “proceso” mental.

E.g.
He didn’t realize his mistake until next day. – No se dio cuenta de su error hasta el día siguiente.
She realized who the man in the photograph was. – Ella se dio cuenta de quién era el hombre de la fotografía.
We hadn’t realized the implications of our decision. – No nos habíamos dado cuenta de las implicaciones de nuestra decisión.
I realize this is going to be difficult, but we have to try. – Me doy cuenta/soy consciente de que esto va a ser difícil, pero tenemos que intentarlo.

Como hemos visto en los diferentes ejemplos para distinguir cuándo usar realize y notice, el significado de notice implica percepción a través de los sentidos, y por otro lado realize esta más relacionado con usar la mente para saber y entender algo. De hecho es posible darse cuenta de notar algo (notice) sin darse cuenta (realize) de que es importante. Observa

E.g.
I noticed the children have been quiet all evening but I didn’t realize they were ill. – Noté/me di cuenta de que los niños habían estado callados toda la tarde, pero no me di cuenta de que estaban enfermos.

Un pequeño detalle a tener encuenta sobre realize es su ortografía (spelling). Seguro que en ocasiones habréis visto escrito también realise. Ambas formas son correctas, -ise es más UK English y -ize es más US English. Pasa también con otros verbos como organise, summarise, analyse, summarise… pero ahora ya sabéis porqué.


Si aún no estás seguro/a de saber
cuándo usar realize y notice prueba a hacer este ejercicio, poniendo uno de estos verbos en la forma correcta

I hope she _____ her mistake soon.
I’ve _____ you have changed some furniture.
They didn’t _____ the danger they were in.
I _____ a crack in the wall.
He _____ that the woman was looking at him.
They don’t seem to _____ the value of money.
He doesn’t _____ how important this is for me.

VER RESPUESTAS CORRECTAS

I hope she realizes her mistake soon.
I’ve noticed you have changed some furniture.
They didn’t realize the danger they were in.
I noticed a crack in the wall.
He noticed that the woman was looking at him.
They don’t seem to realize the value of money.
He doesn’t realize how important this is for me.

 

To care is to share (o dicho de otra forma, si te ha gustado comparte!)

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15 Phrasal verbs con take que ya tendrías que conocer

Hey buddies, hoy toca post de phrasal verbs, I know, they can be hard y no siempre es fácil entenderlos y luego ponerlos en práctica. Hoy nos centramos en los 15 Phrasal verbs con take que ya tendrías que conocer. No worries, si aún no los conoces te los explicamos con significado y ejemplos, uno por uno.

 

To take after someone – to look like someone, to have a similar appearance or personality- parecerse a alguien

E.g.
Mike takes after his mother; they both have the same blue eyes and blond hair.
Everybody says Beth takes after her grandmother, they have a talent for art.

To take something apart – to disassemble, to separate something into smaller parts- desmontar

E.g.
He’s always taking apart all types of mechanical toys.
I think I should take apart my computer and clean it properly.

To take away something – to separate, to remove – apartar, quitar, llevarse

E.g.
Could you take away this old chair? I don’t want it anymore.
If you don’t study harder, we’ll have to take away your telephone.

To take something back

1) to return something – devolver algo

E.g.
He bought some shoes but they don’t fit. He will ned to take them back.

2) to admit that you did/say something wrong – retirar (algo que has dicho)

E.g.
Sorry for saying those words to you, I take it back.

To take something down

1) to separate something into parts – desmontar

E.g.
After the concert finished, the crew took down the stage.

2) to write on paper – escribir, tomar nota de algo

E.g.
Let me take down your phone number, just in case.

To take someone in – to let someone stay in your house – dejar que alguien se quede en tu casa.

E.g.
He was having a hard time finding an apartment, so we took him in for a month.
You are so nice to take me in, I cannot thank you enough.

To take something in – to assimilate or understand information – comprender o asimilar información.

E.g.
The speaker said interesting things but it was a lot to take in.
I’m reading this manual and I can’t take it in.

To take off

1) to rise in the air (an airplane) – despegar (un avión)

E.g.
The plane will take off in 30 minutes.

2) also to become successful or popular very fast – despegar en sentido figurativo.

E.g.
Recently, their blog has taken off and now they are very popular.
Her career took off when she started working in publicity.

To take something off

1) to remove (clothes) – quitarse (ropa)

E.g.
As soon as I get home I take off my shoes and change my clothes.

2) not to work for a period of time – tener un día/semana libre (sin ir al trabajo)

E.g.
She took a week off to visit her family in France.
I’ll take two days off next week.

To take someone on – to hire someone – contratar a alguien.

E.g.
We need to take on a new cleaning lady.
Our company is taking on more employees next month.

To take something on – to accept some work or responsibility – aceptar/asumir responsabilidades

E.g.
Do you have time to take on a new project?
She took on more tasks in order to get promoted.

To take (it) out on someone – to make someone feel bad, because you are feeling bad too – tomarla con alguien

E.g.
Hey, I understand that you’ve had a horrible day, but don’t take it out on me.
I was stressed and I took it out on him.

To take over something – to take control of something – asumir el control de algo

E.g.
His real intention was to take over the company.
A large holding has taken over our company and there will be some changes.

To take up something

1) to fill space or time – ocupar espacio o tiempo

E.g.
These books are taking up all the space in my room.
This project is taking up more time than I expected.

2) to start doing something regularly – comenzar un nuevo hábito

E.g.
I’ve recently taken up yoga.
Why did you took up golf?

To take somebody up on something – to accept an offer- aceptar una invitación.

E.g.
You’re always welcome to stay with us when you’re in Paris.
Thank you, I’ll take you up on that the next time I come to France.

Esperamos que no haya sido demasiado para asimilar, a lot to take in y que te animes a poner algunos de ellos en práctica, verás que tu confianza con los phrasal verbs pronto despega, it will soon take off, y si por el contrario te has quedado con ganas de más phrasal verbs aquí tienes “Los mejores phrasal verbs con get, descúbrelos!”

 

4 min.
10 significados del phrasal verb pick up

Probablemente ya conozcas algunos de los significados de pick up. Es un phrasal verb bastante común y relativamente sencillo porque, aunque tiene diferentes significados, algunos son muy parecidos entre sí. Vamos a repasar 10 de los significados más comunes de pick up con ejemplos para que puedas entenderlos mejor con un poco de contexto.

 

1 Pick something up – to lift – levantar, coger.

Can you help me pick this chair up?
Please pick up the bags from the floor.

2 Pick up – answer the phone – coger el teléfono, contestar el teléfono.

The phone rang and I picked it up.
I called your office but nobody picked up the phone.

3 Pick up – to buy or get something from a shop – comprar.

We’ll pick up a few things at the supermarket.
This is a souvenir I picked up when I went to China.

4 Pick up – to collect, to get – recoger.

I’ll pick up the tickets on my way home.
He picked up his suit from the dry cleaner’s.

Si no acabas de entender cómo funcionan los phrasal verbs y qué tipos hay, estos trucos para aprender phrasal verbs te pueden interesar.

5 Pick somebody up – recoger, pasar a buscar.

I take children to school and I’ll pick them up too.
She said she will pick me up at the airport.

Importante: dentro de los usos y significados de pick up, con este en concreto, observa que la persona (objeto directo) se coloca en el medio. Por ejemplo, you take the children to school, but you pick them up later. Otros phrasal verbs con take

6 Pick up – tidy up, clean up – ordenar, colocar.

Help me pick these things up. We have guests coming.
I’ll pick up my room later.

7 Pick up – learn, understand – aprender, entender.

He picked up some Portuguese words on his trip.
She started a cooking course to pick up some basic skills.

8 Pick up – start again, resume – continuar algo por donde se dejó.

We can meet again tomorrow and pick up where we left it.
We’ll pick up this conversation later.

9 Pick up – improve, get better – mejorar.

Our campaign will make that sales pick up during next quarter.
She had a bad year, but her life is picking up slowly.

10 Pick up – pay for – pagar.

I’ll pick this up.
Luckily, my company has agreed to pick up the travel expenses.

Estos son 10 significados del phrasal verb pick up, pero aún nos queda un significado de pick up más, no te lo pierdas.

+1 Pick up – flirt, having a sexual interest in someone – ligar.

He said he’d picked the woman up in a bar.
She went home with some man she picked up in a bar.

No es el único caso de un mismo phrasal verb con varios significados. También el phrasal verb give up puede tener varios significados. Puedes verlo en este post de phrasal verbs con give

Seguramente algunos de estos significados de pick up te resulten más fáciles que otros, la verdad es que es un phrasal verb bastante común y se puede usar en diferentes contextos, como has visto, así que vale la pena aprender al menos los más comunes y empezar a usarlos.

 

2 min.
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