Hey buddies, el post de hoy es una recopilación de errores comunes en inglés que cometemos a menudo, a veces porque cambiamos la preposición que toca, o porque nos equivocamos con una palabra o también porque traducimos literalmente. Ponte cómodo porque te detallamos nada más y nada menos que 30 common mistakes que no debes cometer más.
1 We say coworkers, work mates or colleagues, not partners para referirnos a nuestros compañeros de trabajo
My partners are really helpful.
My coworkers are really helpful.
2 We say at work, not in the job en expresiones como
I sometimes surf on the internet in the job.
I sometimes surf on the internet at work.
3 We say hire mejor que contract, cuando contratamos a un empleado
Things are going well, we will contract more employees.
Things are going well, we will hire more employees.
4 We say a business grows, not grows up para decir que el negocio crece
Our business is growing up and increasing sales.
Our business is growing and increasing sales.
Utilizamos grow up para referirnos a las personas cuando crecen / maduran
He’s now a grown up person.
Children grow up really fast.
5 We say I agree, not I am agree para mostrar nuestro acuerdo
I am agree with your idea.
I agree with your idea.
6 We say I think so / I don’t think so, not I think that yes / no para decir creo que sí / no
Would you come? I think that yes / no.
Would you come? I think so / I don’t think so.
7 We say I have no idea, not I don’t have an idea para decir no tengo ni idea
Is she here? I don’t have an idea.
Is she here? I have no idea.
8 We say leave me alone, not leave me in peace cuando queremos que nos dejen en paz
Please, leave me in peace, I’m busy now.
Please, leave me alone, I’m busy now.
9 We say from now on, not since now para decir de ahora en adelante
We will have new regulations since now.
We will have new regulations from now on.
10 We say so far, not until now para decir hasta ahora, hasta este momento
What have they done until now?
What have they done so far?
11 We say it depends on, not it depends of
I don’t know what I’m going to do tomorrow. It depends of the weather.
I don’t know what I’m going to do tomorrow. It depends on the weather.
12 We say related to, not related with
This is a problem related with the internet signal.
This is a problem related to the internet signal.
13 We say contact someone, not contact with someone
I’ll contact with her because I need more information.
I’ll contact her because I need more information.
14 We say trust someone, not trust in someone
I trust in my employees to do a good job when I’m not in the office.
I trust my employees to do a good job when I’m not in the office.
15 We say worry about, not worry for algo o alguien
Her mother worries for her a lot.
Her mother worries about her a lot.
16 We say think about / of, not think in. Si imaginamos algo, utilizamos think of / about, si estamos considerando algo utilizamos think about
I’m thinking in my future and deciding what I want to do.
I’m thinking about my future and deciding what I want to do.
17 We say similar to, not similar than
This app is very similar than another one.
This app is very similar to another one.
18 We say the same as, not the same than or the same to
He’s the same than his father. They have similar personalities.
He’s the same as his father. They have similar personalities.
19 We say in the world, not of the world para decir del mundo
Lionel Messi is one of the best soccer players of the world.
Lionel Messi is one of the best soccer players in the world.
20 We say arrive in/at a place, not arrive to a place
I arrived to work at 9 a.m.
I arrived at work at 9 a.m.
We use arrive in con lugares como ciudades (London, Paris, etc.).
We arrived in Paris last Friday.
We use arrive at al referirnos a un sitio en concreto (the bank, the restaurant, work, home, etc.).
They arrived at the restaurant 20 minutes late.
21 We say go home, not go to home
She decided to go to home after the theatre.
She decided to go home after the theatre.
22 We say parking lot, not parking para referirnos a un aparcamiento
The parking was full, so we parked on the street.
The parking lot was full, so we parked on the street.
23 We say on the bus / train / plane, not in the bus / plane / train
Sometimes I read when I’m in the bus.
Sometimes I read when I’m on the bus.
We say in with cars, vans, trucks, etc.
Let’s get on the car.
Let’s get in the car.
24 We say to miss, not to lose a bus / train / plane
You will lose the train if you don’t hurry up.
You will miss the train if you don’t hurry up.
25 We say waste time, not lose time para decir perder el tiempo
Sam loses a lot of time watching TV.
Sam wastes a lot of time watching TV.
26 We say spend time, not pass time para decir pasar tiempo con
On the weekend, she likes to pass time with her husband.
On the weekend, she likes to spend time with her husband.
27 We say to have (or to throw) a party, not to make or do a party
They are making a party next Saturday.
They are having / throwing a party next Saturday.
28 We say to have a drink, not to take a drink
Let’s take a drink after work.
Let’s have a drink after work.
29 We say to sunbathe, not to take the sun
She loves taking the sun on the beach.
She loves sunbathing on the beach.
30 We say to make mistakes, not to have errors or have mistakes.
My English is okay, but I have a lot of mistakes.
My English is okay, but I make a lot of mistakes.
No te preocupes si te identificas con algunos (o muchos) de ellos, son los errores más comunes que cometemos los hispano hablantes. Anota con los que más te equivocas para repasarlos, pero vuelve a esta lista siempre que lo necesites o tengas dudas.
PS: Si te atreves con más meteduras de pata typical Spanish, lee este post sobre false friends
Hoy os traemos de nuevo un post de phrasal verbs. En este caso veremos phrasal verbs de uso muy común con look. Recuerda que aunque pueden resultarnos un poco complicadillos, lo mejor es ir aprendiendolos poco a poco y comenzar a utilizar algunos de ellos una vez tienes claro su significado. Para eso, hoy te proponemos estos 15 phrasal verbs con look con su significado y ejemplos.
To look for / to search – buscar.
She’s looking for a new job.
I didn’t find what I was looking for.
To look after / to take care of – cuidar.
I need a babysitter to look after my children.
Do you mind looking after my dog next weekend?
To look up / to try to find information – buscar información (en un diccionario, libro, en internet).
I’ll look it up on Wikipedia.
They looked the words up in a dictionary.
To look forward to / to be waiting and excited about a future event – esperar ansioso, entusiasmado.
I look forward to meeting you again.
He is looking forward to your visit.
To look over / to quickly examine something – echar un vistazo.
Could you look over my notes and tell me what you think?
I like to look over the newspaper before going to work.
To look up to / to respect and admire someone – admirar a alguien.
I look up to my father, I hope I will be like him some day.
He has always looked up to his boss.
To look down on / to feel better than other people – creerse mejor, menospreciar a alguien.
Rich people look down on others.
Many companies look down on their employees.
To look into / to investigate, examine – investigar, examinar con detalle.
You’ll have to look into the pros and cons of moving to another country.
The doctor looked into the injury and prescribed some antibiotics.
To look in on / to visit someone for a short time – visitar a alguien, pasarse a ver.
Could you look in on your grandma and see if she’s all right?
Ok, I’ll look in on her on my way home.
To look back on / to think about something in the past – recordar, pensar sobre el pasado.
I feel proud when I look back on the things I’ve done in my life.
If you look back on your childhood you will remember happy times.
To look out / to watch and be careful – tener cuidado.
Look out! There is broken glass on the floor.
Look out with that dog, it seems dangerous.
To look at / to consider or examine something – considerar, examinar.
We will look at all the proposal before making a decision.
Management are looking at ways of cutting costs.
To look around / to visit, to search – buscar, visitar, mirar alrededor.
We started looking around for a house on the beach.
They looked around the city but they didn’t find the gallery.
To look through / to examine or read something briefly – hojear, revisar.
Have you look through the report I sent you?
I was looking through some books on the subject.
To look to / to rely on someone for help – esperar que alguien haga algo por ti.
We look to our manager to give us the instructions.
I look to Kim to help me with my exam.
Seguro que algunos ya te sonaban y los puedes tachar de la lista 😉
Hoy os dejamos unos “truquis” para utilizar los modales de obligación “must & have to” y también cómo expresar falta de obligación (lack of obligation) con los modales don’t have to, don’t need to, didn’t need to. Vamos allá!
HAVE TO / MUST
We use these verbs to say that is necessary to do something, but there are some differences:
The speaker is just giving facts. Or there’s an “outside authority” who tells you to do something.
E.g. I have to complete the report for our client.
We can use “have to” in all verb tenses.
The speaker thinks is necessary, feels is his responsibility to do something.
E.g. I must finish all these paperwork today.
We only use “must” in the present tense, to express obligation in other tenses we use “have to”.
E.g. I had to finish all the paperwork last Friday.
I will have to finish all the paperwork before Friday.
DON’T HAVE TO / MUSTN’T
When used in the negative form, they mean different things:
Don’t have to /don’t need to
It means is NOT necessary that we do something.
E.g. You don’t have to bring anything.
They don’t need to bring anything.
It means is necessary NOT to do something. (it’s an obligation not to do something).
E.g.He mustn’t talk to us like that.
You mustn’t tell anyone.
We mustn’t be late for the meeting.
DIDN’T NEED TO / DIDN’T HAVE TO DO
We use didn’t need to / didn’t have to meaning that something was not done because it was not necessary.
E.g. We didn’t need to call the technical services, we just fixed it ourselves.
They didn’t need to work until late. We still have time until deadline.
I didn’t have to prepare a cake, but they all appreciated it.
Parece mucho pero en realidad son tres cositas, te las resumimos:
-Must / have to > obligación, sobre todo “have to” que se puede utilizar en cualquier tiempo verbal
-Mustn’t > obligación de NO hacer algo (o prohibición de hacer algo)
-Don’t have to / don’t need to (y sus formas en pasado) > falta de obligación, o lo que es lo mismo, no es necesario hacer algo.
Esperamos que te sirva de ayuda 😉